types of nettle plants

North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. [44], In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. For more in-depth information (e.g. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. nettle (Urtica dioica, Laportea canadensis; NETTLE FAMILY [Urticaceae]) Two distinct but related species, each with stinging hairs. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. The common nettle, as described before, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). Thereare also differences in the characteristics of their flowers. .hide-if-no-js { Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has opposite, elongate, coarsely toothed leaves and is found on dry disturbed sites. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. Stinging nettle is dioecious, which means plants can have either male or female flowers. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_88"); Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. There are many other varieties of nettle that you can grow, but stinging nettle is the most common. I have not heard of “Indian nettle.” An internet search turned up information on wikipedia for Acalypha indica. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family (Urticaceae), known for its stinging leaves. +  Though it was once localized to Europe, Asia, and parts of North Africa, nettle is now found all over the world. [33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. The nettle has … The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it. Standard deviations are given in brackets. ten Stinging nettle, Urtica dioica, has leaves and stems with tiny, hollow, tipped hairs. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. Dead nettle is one of those plants that almost has everything going for it, until it doesn’t. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. The New Zealand tree nettle (Urtica ferox), showing secretory (glandular), or stinging, hairs (trichomes). The inflorescence shape is reflected in its scientific name — Boehmeria cylindrica — as the flowers are grouped in cylindrical shapes along the stem. Time limit is exhausted. I supposed what I have in my garden is clearweed. Clearweed does not have any stinging hairs at all. Dandelions (Leontodon taraxacum) Dandelions are a harbinger of spring. })(120000); [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, historical information, harvesting tips, etc.) In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. Stinging nettles are plants that are commonly found in many areas of the world. [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.[24]. When we look at the leaves we can see how very similar they are in shape.  Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. As the name implies, stinging nettle has the capacity to irritate and blister when it comes into contact with skin. Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica).  Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it.  Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. Nettle, also known as Urtica dioica, common, or stinging nettle, is an herbaceous flowering plant. Wonder why the clear weed took over, but it can still be harvested and consumed. [57] The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.[53]. 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. May Reduce Inflammation. The sentenced perpetrator of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle, in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold water. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. It can also be categorized as a noxious weed. We have 310 images of 104 dead nettles in our Dead Nettles database. It is perhaps most troublesome in loose, newly cultivated soil, especially where phosphate levels are high. Pingback: Another nettle | Identify that Plant, Pingback: Stinging Nettle - ONE Clip Video. setTimeout( Male flowers can be yellow or purple, while female flowers are green and white. [50] Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. As the latin name of nettle (Urtica dioica) suggests (dioica means two houses) they produce two kind of plants - male and female. Dead Nettles: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties. Nettles are perennials; perennials are plants that last several years. I have stinging nettle on my property and I went out to harvest some today and now it is clear weed. The tall green plant, which resembles mint, is covered in delicate white flowers and tiny hairs. [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". "The Names of Plants". Here are some closer views of the False nettle … Nettle seeds are also used as an aphrodisiac that help enhance libido. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. Is their any difference between the strength of the sting from wood nettle and stinging nettle. [64][65] They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. However, the Wood Nettle has some alternateleaves, while Stinging Nettle has pairs of opposite leaves only. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a cordate base, and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. Required fields are marked *. As you can see in the wood nettle photo above (taken in early spring), the stems and underside of the leaves are covered with stinging hairs.   Stinging nettle has similar stinging hairs along its stems. Your email address will not be published. Stinging Nettle—Nature’s Antihistamine Herb - Ridge Haven Homestead %. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. Later in the year, the clearweed stem becomes more obviously translucent (“clear”) and flexible. Anothersimilar species, Boehmeria cylindrica(FalseNettle), also has opposite leaves, but it lacks stinging hairsaltogether. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Cambridge University Press. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. Most herbivores are discouraged from grazing on this plant because of irritating toxins secreted by … There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. please check out our Stinging Nettle PDF magazine. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow). ); Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. The fibres are coarser, however. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). Click here to browse or search the plants in this database. Time limit is exhausted. The bull nettle plant is one of the many types of stinging nettles. function() { It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. The most common variety (Urtica dioica procera) is native to North America, being prolific in California and other areas of the western United States, and is referred to by a number of common names for its two mo… Harvesting nettle seeds. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. However, the Indian nettle (or Stinging nettle) is most widespread, because the species, which originates from North America, was used by the Indians as a medicinal plant long before its introduction as an ornamental plant. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots.

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